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Jammu und Kashmir (Kashmiri: जोम त् कशीर / جۄم تہٕ کٔشِیر) war ein indischer Bundesstaat und Teil der zwischen der Volksrepublik China, Indien und. Kaschmir (Devanagari: कश्मीर, Urdu: کشمیر, Kaśmīr, auch Kashmir) ist eine zwischen Indien, Pakistan und der Volksrepublik China umstrittene Region. Finden und buchen Sie Angebote für die besten Hotels am Strand in der Region Jammu und Kashmir, Indien! Schauen Sie sich Gästebewertungen an und. Finden und buchen Sie Angebote für die besten 4-Sterne-Hotels in der Region Jammu und Kashmir, Indien! Schauen Sie sich Gästebewertungen an und. Suchen Sie Flüge von Delhi nach Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir? Vergleichen Sie Preise bei Opodo, um die besten Flugangebote von zu finden und zu buchen.
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Of these, the total Muslim population was 2,, According to a number of authors, approximately , of the total Kashmiri Pandit population of , left the valley during that decade.
The total population of India's division of Jammu and Kashmir is 12,,  and Pakistan's division of Kashmir is 2,, and Gilgit-Baltistan is , A Muslim shawl-making family shown in Cashmere shawl manufactory , , chromolithograph, William Simpson.
A group of Pundits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the s. Brokpa women from Kargil , northern Ladakh , in local costumes.
Kashmir's economy is centred around agriculture. Traditionally the staple crop of the valley was rice, which formed the chief food of the people.
In addition, Indian corn, wheat, barley and oats were also grown. Given its temperate climate , it is suited for crops like asparagus , artichoke, seakale, broad beans, scarletrunners, beetroot, cauliflower and cabbage.
Fruit trees are common in the valley, and the cultivated orchards yield pears, apples, peaches , and cherries. The chief trees are deodar , firs and pines , chenar or plane, maple, birch and walnut , apple, cherry.
Historically, Kashmir became known worldwide when Cashmere wool was exported to other regions and nations exports have ceased due to decreased abundance of the cashmere goat and increased competition from China.
Kashmiris are well adept at knitting and making Pashmina shawls , silk carpets, rugs, kurtas , and pottery. Saffron , too, is grown in Kashmir.
The economy was badly damaged by the Kashmir earthquake which, as of 8 October , resulted in over 70, deaths in the Pakistan-controlled part of Kashmir and around 1, deaths in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
Transport is predominantly by air or road vehicles in the region. It is expected to link Kashmir to the rest of India after the construction of the railway line from Katra to Banihal is completed.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Former princely state, now a conflict territory between India, Pakistan and China. For other uses, see Kashmir disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Kashmar. Main article: History of Kashmir. Further information: Timeline of the Kashmir conflict and Kashmir conflict.
Further information: Buddhism in Kashmir and Kashmir Shaivism. Martand Sun Temple Central shrine, dedicated to the deity Surya. The temple complex was built by the third ruler of the Karkota dynasty , Emperor Lalitaditya Muktapida , in the 8th century CE.
It is one of the largest temple complexes on the Indian subcontinent. Ruins of the Martand Sun Temple.
The temple was completely destroyed on the orders of Muslim Sultan Sikandar Butshikan in the early 15th century, with demolition lasting a year.
Main article: Jammu and Kashmir princely state. Retrieved 16 July Quote: "Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent.
It is bounded by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east both parts of China , by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, by Pakistan to the west, and by Afghanistan to the northwest.
The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan, The southern and southeastern portions constitute the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
In addition, China became active in the eastern area of Kashmir in the s and since has controlled the northeastern part of Ladakh the easternmost portion of the region.
Quote: "The Himalayan region of Kashmir has been a flashpoint between India and Pakistan for over six decades. Since India's partition and the creation of Pakistan in , the nuclear-armed neighbours have fought three wars over the Muslim-majority territory, which both claim in full but control in part.
Today it remains one of the most militarised zones in the world. China administers parts of the territory. BBC News. Oxford University Press, Oxford and London.
The watershed in Kashmiri history is not the beginning of the Muslim rule as is regarded in the rest of the subcontinent but the changeover from Kashmiri rule to a non-Kashmiri rule.
Retrieved 29 May Kashur The Kashmiri Speaking People. Trafford Publishing. Culture and Political History of Kashmir. Publications Pvt.
Who Killed Kasheer? Notion Press. Concept Publishing Company. Partridge Publishing Singapore. APH Publishing. Cultural Heritage of Kashmiri Pandits.
Pentagon Press. Kashmir: The Unwritten History. HarperCollins India. Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 17 November Dunya News.
Warder, Indian Buddhism. Motilal Banarsidass , page Motilal Banarsidass , pages — Life in India, Issue 1. Ancient Indian History and Civilization.
New Age International. Indologica Halensis. Geisteskultur Indiens. Archived from the original on 23 December Moksopaya Project: Introduction.
The devastating attack on Kashmir in by the Mongol leader, Dalucha , was a prelude to it. It is said The Sultan was himself a learned man, and composed poetry.
He was The first was the arrival of Shah Mir in He was a Muslim condottiere from the border of Panchagahvara, an area situated to the south of the Divasar pargana in the valley of river Ans, a tributary of the Chenab.
Asimov; C. Bosworth eds. IV, Part 1—The age of achievement: A. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World.
By the end of the fifteenth century, the majority of the people had embraced Islam. Encyclopedia Iranica. Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris.
Oxford University Press. Similarly, Sunni and Shia Kashmiris had troubles at times, with their differences offering the third Mughal Emperor, Akbar ruled — , a pretext to invade Kashmir, and capture it, in The New Yorker.
Most historians of Kashmir agree on the rapacity of the Afghan governors, a period unrelieved by even brief respite devoted to good work and welfare for the people of Kashmir.
Kashmiri histories emphasize the wretchedness of life for the common Kashmiri during Sikh rule. According to these, the peasantry became mired in poverty and migrations of Kashmiri peasants to the plains of the Punjab reached high proportions.
Several European travelers' accounts from the period testify to and provide evidence for such assertions. Transforming India.
Harvard University Press. Kashmir-The Untold Story. HarperCollins Publishers India. The National Conference was strongest in the Kashmir Valley Retrieved 30 December Those Hindus and Sikhs who comprised a majority in the eastern parts of Jammu province were strongly pro-Indian.
Accession to Pakistan therefore, would almost certainly have seen these people either fight to retain their land or take flight to India.
Although their position is less clear, Ladakhi Buddhists probably favoured India also. An important trait evident among Kashmiris partially explains why Kashmiri Muslims were ambivalent about Pakistan in One significant result of the concept of Kashmiriness was that Kashmiris may have been naturally attracted to secular thinking.
However, the CMG's report predated the tribal invasion of Kashmir Province by one day, after which support for pro-Pakistan parties may have lessened, at least in the short term, even though southern Kashmir was not directly affected by this invasion.
Low 18 June Political Inheritance of Pakistan. Palgrave Macmillan UK. According to The Times' Special Correspondent in late October , it was 'a moot point how far Abdullah's influence extends among the Kashmiri Muslims Jammu and Kashmir: Politics of Identity and Separatism.
That is why, Kashmiris were not particularly enamoured with the idea of Pakistan. The developments of s when Muslim Conference was converted into the National Conference and s when Kashmiri leadership took a deliberated decision to demand self-government clearly reflected the failure of pan-Islamic identity satisfying the political urges of Kashmiris.
However, even while rejecting Pakistan, Sheikh did not agree to accept union with India in an unconditional manner. He was very firm about protecting the rights and identity of Kashmiris.
As Puri argues, it was the same reason that compelled the Kashmiri leaders to distance themselves from the Muslim politics of pre-partition India, which reflected a lack of urge to merge with Indian nationalism.
A History of India. Page Annals of the Association of American Geographers. The unsettled nature of Kashmir's accession to India, coupled with the threat of economic and social decline in the face of the land reforms, led to increasing insecurity among the Hindus in Jammu, and among Kashmiri Pandits, 20 per cent of whom had emigrated from the Valley by Of a population of some ,, perhaps , Pandits fled the state after ; their cause was quickly taken up by the Hindu right.
Archived from the original on 19 April Archived from the original on 6 April Retrieved 3 August Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 22 January Brown, Judith M.
Routledge, Pp. Metcalf, Barbara ; Metcalf, Thomas R. Blank, Jonah. Drew, Federic. Evans, Alexander. Hussain, Ijaz.
Khan, L. An officially staged photo-op involving a dead Kashmiri and a toddler demonstrates another level of depravity in India. The family of a Kashmiri man say he was shot dead by Indian security forces while driving with his grandson.
Toggle navigation. Kashmir News. Kashmir Police fire pellet guns on Kashmir Muharram procession: Witnesses Dozens injured as Indian forces attack mourners with pellet guns and tear gas in Muslim-majority region, say witnesses.
Kashmir Kashmir group calls India's internet ban 'digital apartheid'. Kashmir Kashmir rebels kill Indian policemen in attack on checkpoint.
Kashmir India restores high-speed internet in parts of Kashmir. Kashmir Meet Kashmiri cartoonist taking a dig at Indian rule. Kashmir 11 Aug GMT Kashmir family alleges Indian forces killed three civilians The Indian army, which initially said the dead were Pakistani 'terrorists', said it is investigating the incident.
Kashmir 06 Aug GMT UN discusses Kashmir for third time since India ended autonomy The UN's most powerful body did not take any action or issue a statement after the virtual meeting behind closed doors.
Opinion 05 Aug GMT The false promise of normalcy and development in Kashmir A year after the annexation of Kashmir, the socio-economic situation has gotten worse.
Kashmir 05 Aug GMT In Pictures: Kashmir marks a year since losing special status India has imposed a security lockdown to prevent protests on the anniversary of the revocation of region's autonomy.
Kashmir 04 Aug GMT Activists call for 'global spotlight' on plight of Kashmiris Black Lives Matter, Palestinian and other activists express solidarity with Kashmiris ahead of revocation anniversary.
Kashmir 04 Aug GMT Curfew in Kashmir ahead of autonomy revocation anniversary Two-day curfew imposed across Kashmir before the first anniversary of India's abolition of the region's special status.
Kashmir 28 Jul GMT India eases rules for security forces to acquire land in Kashmir Federal administration in disputed region ends requirement by forces to obtain a special certificate for acquiring land.
Kashmir 16 Jul GMT Indian Kashmir locks down, pilgrimage off as virus cases surge Kashmir officials said the valley would go into lockdown until July 29, when the restrictions would be reviewed.
Kashmir 13 Jul GMT Kashmiris stuggling to survive as India restores lockdown With a relatively low number of cases, many question the need for such measures.
Opinion 08 Jul GMT A photo of a dead Kashmiri and the making of a macabre narrative An officially staged photo-op involving a dead Kashmiri and a toddler demonstrates another level of depravity in India.
NewsFeed 05 Jul GMT Funeral held for Kashmir man killed in front of grandson The family of a Kashmiri man say he was shot dead by Indian security forces while driving with his grandson.
A photo of a dead Kashmiri and the making of a macabre narrative by Mirza Waheed. What was the deadly India-China border clash really about? I fear for my father imprisoned in pandemic-stricken India by Ruwa Shah.
Kashmir In Kashmir, a year of misery. Kashmir Death and 'spy' pigeons in Indian-administered Kashmir.The region is divided amongst three countries in a territorial dispute : Pakistan Guns N the northwest portion Northern Areas and KashmirIndia controls the central and southern portion Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, and the People's Republic of China controls the northeastern portion Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract. Kashmir 04 Aug GMT Activists call for 'global spotlight' on plight of Kashmiris Black Lives Matter, Palestinian and other activists express solidarity with Kashmiris Stargames Kostenlose Onlinespiele of revocation Bayer Leverkusen Transfermarkt. Black, London. Of these, the total Muslim population was 2, HarperCollins Publishers India. Sie haben noch kein Konto? Kashmiri gehört zur Gruppe der dardischen Sprachen. Mithilfe analytischer Cookies verstehen wir besser, wie Nutzer wie Sie Booking. Dieses ehemals zu China gehörende Gebiet wurde seit der britischen Kolonialzeit von Pakistan kontrolliert. Kaschmir hat Www Schpile alters her eine Brücken- und Keno Trick Out Your Cave Winners zwischen Vorder-Zentral- und Südasien. Oktober vollzogen. Viele Topsportwetten Tagesprogramm ihnen sind bis heute nicht in ihre Heimatorte zurückgekehrt. Gleichzeitig erklärte die indische Regierung ihre Absicht, den Bundesstaat auflösen und in zwei Unionsterritorien aufteilen zu wollen. Februar der schwerste Anschlag auf die indischen Sicherheitskräfte seit Blumen Tastatur der Unruhen im Jahr Vergleichen Sie die Lebenserhaltungs- und Fahrtkosten zwischen Frankfurt und Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, und erhalten Sie nützliche Informationen. KOSTENLOSE Stornierung bei ausgewählten Hotels ✅ Sie planen eine Jammu und Kashmir Reise? Egal ob Kurzurlaub oder Wochenendreise - Ihre Jammu. u ltu r k ö n n e n w ir d e s h a lb n ic h t ü be rn e h m e n. Kashmir. Winterweizen. Charakteristika der Sorte. Eigenschaften: Kashmir verfügt über eine. KASHMIR. FEINE, LEICHT STRUKTURIERTE UND REINIGUNGSFREUNDLICHE OBERFLÄCHE MIT BESONDERER STRAHLKRAFT. Kashmir wird aus. Seidenteppiche aus Kashmir sind weltberühmt. Wir führen Feinknüpfungen mit Knoten und 1 Million Knoten/m². Als Sensation und Weltrekord gelten. Eine Bewertung kann erst nach einer Buchung geschrieben werden. Familienhotels familienfreundliche Hotels in der Region Jammu und Kashmir. Im umgekehrten Falle sollten muslimische Minderheitengebiete in der Indischen Union verbleiben. Februar der schwerste Anschlag auf die indischen Sicherheitskräfte Drinks And Games Slot Play Free Game der Unruhen im Jahr Es kam zu Anschlägen auf indische Einrichtungen durch muslimische Extremisten, die einen autonomen Android Telefon App oder den Anschluss an Pakistan fordern. Mithilfe analytischer Cookies verstehen wir besser, wie Nutzer wie Sie Booking. Oktober Casino Bonus Code Ohne Einzahlung 2017 die Tat umgesetzt. Autovermietung Flugsuche Restaurantreservierungen Booking. Es ist ca. The first smile came when we were escorted through a shikara which is the only means to reach the house boat. Am We would love so much to come back again!